Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin is not like other Kremlins in Russia. It stands on a steep slope of the hill with an exceptional 82 m difference in altitude between its extreme top and its lowest point.
The Kremlin was constructed in early 16th century on the former site of degraded wooden fortress as the walls of the latter were not fit for artillery purposes. The towers stand out well beyond the walls` line and this technology was supposed to protect the fortress defenders from the hostile fire. At the same time they could fire at the attacking enemy even in case those managed to come very close.
For all the numerous sieges the stone Kremlin of Nizhny Novgorod was never taken by the enemy.
Today this Kremlin is open for visitors. The entrance is free, and at a modest charge visitors may climb up the Kremlin walls and also visit several museums located on its territory, such as branches of Nizhny Novgorod History and Architecture Museum inside the Kremlin towers and Nizhny Novgorod Art Museum in the former Governor`s residence as well as the Arsenal Contemporary Art Centre.