- Address: Nizhny Novgorod, pl. Minin and Pozharsky, 6a, ter. The Kremlin
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The Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
Nizhny Novgorod was founded by Prince George Vsevolodovich in 1221.
Its inhabitants, under the leadership of the elder Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky, assembled a militia to liberate Moscow from the Polish invaders in 1611.
The city was the main international trading center of Russia since 1817. In the Soviet period was renamed Gorky, in honor of the writer Maxim Gorky, and was the industrial center of the Soviet Union. During the Great Patriotic War, the city supplied to the front a huge amount of military equipment and ammunition, which is why it was constantly exposed to air strikes by the German aviation.